Министерство культуры Российской Федерации
Российская библиотечная ассоциация

РОССИЙСКИЙ КОММУНИКАТИВНЫЙ ФОРМАТ
ПРЕДСТАВЛЕНИЯ БИБЛИОГРАФИЧЕСКИХ ЗАПИСЕЙ В МАШИНОЧИТАЕМОЙ ФОРМЕ
(российская версия UNIMARC)


Приложение F: Коды для картографических материалов (поле 131)

F.1. Введение

Этот список был разработан Британской библиотекой для использования в записях UKMARC. В настоящее время список не обновляется и не пересматривается, так как Британская библиотека перешла на использование формата MARC21 Настоящий список соотвествует состоянию на июль 1986.

131$a:Сфероид

aa = Airy (1830)

ab = Australian National (1966)

ac = Bessel 1841

ad = Clarke 1858

ae = Clarke 1866

af = Clarke 1880

ag = Clarke 1880 (Modified)

ah = Clarke 1880 (Palestine)

ai = Danish (Andreae)

aj = Delambre (Carte de France)

ak = Everest (1830)

al = Everest (Malaya)

am = Everest (Borneo)

an = Helmert 1906

ao = Hayford 1909 (and 1910)

International 1924 see Hayford (ao)

ap = Kragenhoff

aq = Krasovskiy 1848

ar = Müffling 1821

as = S.E. Asia ("Fischer 155")

at = Struve

ba = Svanberg

bb = Zhylinskiy ("Adjustment Spheroid")

bc = Walbeck

bd = War Office (McCaw) 1924

be = World Geodetic System (1972-)

uu = unknown spheroid

zz = other known spheroid of construction of the map

 

131$b: Горизонтальная основа системы координат

Примечание: Начиная с кода "taa" также содержит неспецифицированные оси горизонтальной системы координат

aaa = Abidjan, Ivory Coast

aab = Abra Pampa, Argentina

aac = Abrolhos Lighthouse, Brazil

aad = Abut Head (Okarito Meridional Circuit) South Island, New Zealand

aae = Accra, Leigon Pillar (GCS No. 121), Ghana

aaf = Aden Observatory

aag = Aden Datum

aah = Adelaide Observatory, South Australia

aai = Adjusted between Hong Kong and Nanking Astronomic Points

aaj = Adindan (30th Meridian) Datum, Sudan

aak = Adjusted between Red Bridge Datum and Nanking Datum

aal = Aee Pier, Phoenix Islands

aam = Aerodist Datum

Afgooye use cmo

aan = African Datum

aao = Agourai Base North End, Morocco

aap = Agri (Danish GI 1934), Denmark

aaq = Agrihan Astronomic Station (1920), Agrihan Island, Marianas Islands

aar = Ahaura (Grey Meridional Circuit), South Island, New Zealand

aas = Ain el Abd, Kuwait

aat = Akmolinsk Mosque, USSR

aba = Akra Milon (Cum-Burnu), Leros

abb = Akureuri, Iceland

abc = Alamagan Astromic Station (1920), Alamagan Island, Mariana Islands

abd = Albasin, USSR

abe = Al Bushairyah, Qatar

abf = Al Da Asa, Arabia

abg = Aleksandrovsk, USSR

abh = Alma Ata, USSR

abi = American Samoa Datum 1962, Samoa Islands

abj = Amersfoort 1885, Netherlands

abk = Anatahan Astronomic Station (1920), Anatahan Island, Marcus Islands

abl = Anatahan E, 29th Engr 1964, Anatahan Island, Mariana Islands

abm = Angola Datum, Angola

abn = Ankara, Turkey

abo = An-lu Astro, China

abp = A Patutahi, New Zealand

abq = Aon Island Triangulation Station, Utirik Atoll, Marshall Islands

abr = Apia Observatory Tranist House, Opolu Island, Samoa Island

abs = Apollo 15 Datum, Moon

abt = Approximate European Datum, Afghanistan

aca = Approximate European Datum, Cyprus

acb = Approximate European Datum, Egypt

acc = Approximate European Datum, Iran

acd = Approximate European Datum, Iraq

ace = Approximate European Datum, Israel

acf = Approximate European Datum, Jordan

acg = Approximate European Datum, Libya

aci = Approximate European Datum, Syria

acj = Approximate European Datum, Turkey

ack = Approximate Hong Kong Datum

acl = Approximate Indian 1960 Datum

acm = Approximate Indian Datum, Afghanistan

acn = Approximate Indian Datum, Burma

aco = Approximate Indian Datum, Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, South Vietnam

acp = Approximate Indian Datum, India

acq = Approximate Indian Datum, Thailand

acr = Approximate Kweiyang, China

acs = Approximate Luzon Datum, Philippines

act = Approximate Nanking Datum

ada = Approximate Nanking 1960 Datum

adb = Aproximate North American Datum 1927, Greater Antilles

adc = Approximate Old Hawaiian Datum, Hawaiian Islands

add = Approximate Red Bridge Datum

ade = Approximate Tokyo Datum

adf = Arahodoka-Byo Astro

adg = Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1935 Datum, Africa

adh = Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1950 Datum, Africa

adi = Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1960 Datum, Africa

adj = Arc (of the 30th Meridian) (unspecified) Datum, Africa

adk = Archway Rock, Gough Island

adl = Arequipa Astro, Bolivia

adm = Arkhangel'sk, USSR

adn = Arumenii Island Triangulation Station, Bikor Atoll, Marshall Islands

ado = Arutunga (Anchorage) Observation Spot, Aitutaki Island, Cook Islands

adp = A.S. 120 Tokong Hill, Balik Papan, Kalimantan, Indonesia

adq = Ascension Astro 1955

adr = Ascension Island 1958

ads = Ashkhabad, USSR

adt = Asor Astro 1966, Caroline Islands

aea = Astro Observation Point East Island Maug, Mariana Islands

aeb = Astro Observation Point Pagan, Mariana Islands

aec = Astro Observation Point Rota, Mariana Islands

aed = Astro Observation Point Uracus, Mariana Islands

aee = Astro Pier, Swains Island, Samoa Islands

aef = Astro - 1958, Montserrat, Lesser Antilles

aeg = Astro 502, USSR

aeh = Astro 809, USSR

aei = Astronomic Point (1951) Yap, Caroline Islands

aej = Astronomic Station (1951), Elato Atoll, Caroline Islands

aek = Astronomic Station (1952) Marcus Island

ael = Astronomic Station ''A' (1951), Jemo Island, Marshall Islands

aem = Astronomic Station Bab South (1947), Babelthaup Is., Caroline Islands

aen = Astronomic Station Beacon E (1945). Iwo-Jima, Bonin Islands

aeo = Astronomic Station B1 (1920), Gaferut Island, Caroline Islands

aep = Astronomic Station B4 (1920), Sorol Atoll, Caroline Islands

aeq = Astronomic Station Hong (1947), Admiralty Islands

aer = Astronomic Station Mirami-Oaguri-Shima, Daito Islands, Ryukyu Islands

aes = Astronomic Station Nishino-Shima, Bonin Islands

aet = Astronomic Station No. B (1921), Ifalik Atoll, Caroline Islands

afa = Astronomic Station No. B1 (1921), Pulap Atoll, Caroline Islands

afb = Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Nomoi Islands, Caroline Islands

afc = Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Pingelap Island, Caroline Islands

afd = Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Puluwat Atoll, Caroline Islands

afe = Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Woleai Atoll, Caroline Islands

aff = Astronomic Station No. 1-A (1951), Namorik Atoll, Marshall Islands

afg = Astronomic Station No. 2 (1951), Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands

afh = Astronomic Station No. 2 (1951), Truk Island, Caroline Islands

afi = Astronomic Station No. 2 (1952), Wake Island

afj = Astronomic Station No. 4 (1951), Mukuoro Atoll, Caroline Islands

afk = Astronomic Station No. 8 (1951), Ngatik Atoll, Caroline Islands

afl = Astronomic Station No. 19 (1951), Nomwin Atoll, Caroline Islands

afm = Astronomic Station No. 32 (1951), Ulithi Atoll, Marshall Islands

afn = Astronomic Station No. 42 (1952), Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

afo = Astronomic Station No. 61-A (1951), Jauluit Atoll, Marshall Islands

afp = Astronomic Station No. 5, Chichi-Jima, Bonin Islands

afq = Astronomic Station Ponape (1951), Ponape Island, Senyavin Islands, Caroline Islands

afr = Astronomical Fixation W.A. 21, Western Australia

afs = Astronomical Station, Dunpu, New Guinea

aft = Astronomical Station, Salankana, New Guinea

aga = Astronomical Station, Wau, New Guinea

agb = Astro-Secor 1966, Tarawa and Gilbert Islands

agc = Asunción Astronomic Station (1920), Mariana Islands

agd = Atafu Astro, Atafu Island, Tokelau Islands

age = Athens Datum, Greece

agf = Athens National Observatory, Greece

agg = Athi, Kenya

agh = Austral Pillar W.A., Western Australia

agi = Australian Army Observation Point L.A. 22, Lacrosse Island, Western Australia

agj = Australian Army Observation Point W.A. 3, Cockatoo Island, Western Australia

agk = Australian Datum, Australia

agl = Australian Geodetic, Australia

Australian National Datum, Australia see Australian Datum (agk)

agm = Australian Provisional Datum, Australia

agn = Ayabacas Base, Peru

ago = Azabu Observatory, Tokyo (Bonin Islands and Ryukyu Islands)

agp = B of base-Luiz Correia, Brazil

agq = Baa-Ratti, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia

agr = Bahia Honda, Venezuela

ags = Baie du Morbihan Base North End, Kerguelen

agt = Baker Island Astro Pier, Baker Island, Oceania

aha = Baku-Aleksandra-Nevskiy Cathedral, USSR

ahb = Baku 1927 System, USSR

ahc = Balanachan, Philippines

ahd = Balikesir, Turkey

ahe = Baliza Chiriguano, Graham Land, Antarctica

ahf = Baltra Island Astro, Galapagos Island, Ecuador

ahg = Banjer Masin Astro, Borneo

ahh = Banika Island Observation Spot, Russel Island, Solomon Islands

ahi = Bara Bay, Buru, Moluccas, Indonesia

ahj = Barcelona, Venezuela

ahk = Barreira do Monta, Brazil

ahl = Base Este (Fort de Coimbra), Brazil

ahm = Batavia, Java, Indonesia

ahn = Bathurst Base East End, Gambia

aho = Beacon A, Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides

ahp = Beacon, Christmas Island, Line Islands

ahq = Bekaa Badse South End, Lebanon

ahr = Belgian 1950 System (Lommel Signal), Belgium

ahs = Belgrano (old), Argentina

aht = Belgrano 1928, Argentina

aia = Bengasi Lighthouse, Libya

aib = Beni Meyimel, Morocco

aic = Barracks, Libya

aid = Bermuda Datum 1943, Bermuda Islands

aie = Bermuda Datum 1957, Bermuda Islands

aif = Bermuda Datum 1959, Bermuda Islands

aig = Bermuda Datum 1964, Bermuda Islands

aih = Bern (1898), Switzerland

aii = Biak Base West End, Biak Island, Schouten Islands

aij = Biao, Fernando Po Island, Spanish Guinea

aik = Bikati (Pikhat) Island Astro, Gilbert Island

ail = Bikini, Marshall Islands

aim = Binaro Astro, 1949

ain = Birnie Island, Phoenix Island

aio = Bissau Base Northwest End Pillar, Guinea-Bissau

aip = Bjornova

aiq = Blumut, Johore, Malaysia

air = Boa Entrada, 1955

ais = Boca Grande Astro, Venezuela

ait = Boghra, Afghanistan

aja = Bogotá Observatorio, Colombia

ajb = Bogoslovskiy, USSR

ajc = Bogovskaya, USSR

ajd = Bokku Island Triangulation Station, Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands

aje = Bolkhov, USSR

ajf = Bon Said Lighthouse, Tunisia

ajg = Bonto Island Triangulation Station, Marshall Islands

ajh = Borowa Gora, Poland

aji = Borugu-Byo Astro, China

ajj = Bosun Astro 1941, Midway Islands

ajk = Botanical Hill, South Island, New Zealand

ajl = Bowen Observation Spot, Queensland, Australia

ajm = Brazzaville, Congo (Brazzaville)

ajn = BS 67, Malaysia

ajo = Bucharest, Rumania

ajp = Buffelsfontein, South Africa

ajq = Bukit Asa Datum, Selangor, Malaysia

ajr = Bukit Panau, Kelantan, Malaysia

ajs = Bukit Rimpan, Banka Island, Indonesia

ajt = Bulgarian, Bulgaria

aka = Buller, South Island, New Zealand

akb = Busoga, Uganda

akc = Busowa, Uganda

akd = Bushehr, Iran

ake = Byrd Station, Antarctica

akf = Cabo Bojador Lighthouse, Spanish Sahara

akg = Cagayan Sulu, Cagayan Sulu Island, Philippines

akh = Cairns, Queensland, Australia

aki = Camacupa Base SW End (Campo de Aviacao), Angola

akj = Camorta, Nicobar Islands

akk = Camp Area Astro

akl = Campo de Mayo Base, Argentina

akm = Campo Inchauspe, Argentina

akn = Campos Rodrigues, Mozambique

ako = Cam Lang, Vietnam

akp = Candlemas Island Astro, Antarctica

akq = Canton Island Astro 1966

akr = Cap Esteiras Astro

aks = Cape Canaveral Datum, USA

akt = Cape Hotham Lighthouse, Northern Territory, Australia

ala = Cape St Jacques, Vietnam

alb = Cape Town Observatory, South Africa

alc = Cape, South Africa

ald = Caracas (Observatorio Cajigal) 1911, Venezuela

ale = Caracas (Observatorio Cajigal) 1937, Venezuela

alf = Cardenas, Cuba

alg = Carthage, Tunisia

alh = Castanea delle Furie, Sicily

ali = Castelli Base SE End, Argentina

alj = Castelo di São Jorge, Lisbon, Portugal

alk = Castiletes, Venezuela

all = Cay, Panaeati Island, Deboyne Islands, Louisiade Archipelago

alm = Central Origin, Australia

aln = Centro de Base (Mato Grosso), Brazil

alo = Cerro de Montevideo, Uruguay

alp = Cerro Puntiagudo, Argentina

alq = Ceylon

alr = Chagos (Sao 69)

als = Ch'ang'chun, Manchuria

alt = Che'eng-te, Manchuria

ama = Chi-kou-yang, China

amb = Ch'in Hsien Astro, China

amc = Ch'ung-Yang Astro, China

amd = Chang-chia-kou, China

ame = Chatham Island Astronomical Section, Chatham Island, New Zealand

amf = Chatham Island Observatory, Port Blair, Andaman Islands

amg = Chen-tu Astro, China

amh = Chernyy Verkh, Bulgaria

ami = Chiao-shan, China

amj = Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands

amk = Chich-ch'eng Astro, China

aml = Chin-men'tao Astro, China

amm = Chiu-chiang Astro, China

amn = China Land Survey School, China

amo = Ching-chou Astro, China

amp = Ching-lo Astro, China

amq = Ching-men Astro (West Base), China

amr = Cho-lu Astro, China

ams = Chos Malal, Argentina

amt = Christmas Island Astro

ana = Chua Astro

anb = Chung-kung-ch'i Astro, China

anc = Chufut-Kale, USSR

and = Church (Luganville), Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides

ane = Chyahatsuro Astro, China

anf = Circuit, Rhodesia

ang = Clipperton Island Astro 1957, Clipperton Island

anh = Clipperton Island Light 1935, Clipperton Island

ani = Colline Verte Lighthouse (Kwangshowan), China

anj = Conakry Pyramid of the Service Géographique, Guinea

ank = Congo Yella Base, Zaire

anl = Congreso Plaza Constitucion, Asunción, Paraguay

anm = Constanta, Rumania

ann = Cookes Pillar, Broome, Western Australia

ano = Copenhagen (Nicolai), Denmark

anp = Córdoba, Argentina

anq = Corrego Alegre, Brazil

anr = Cotonou Astro

ans = Cruz Astro, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands

ant = Dacin-byo Astro, China

aoa = Daito Shima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

aob = Dakar, Senegal

aoc = Danish Geodetic Institute 1934 System (AGRI), Denmark

aod = Darwin Observation Pillar, Northern Territory, Australia

aoe = Datum da Ilha das Flores, Flores and Corvo, Azores

aof = Datum de Ilha Gracioso-Base SW, Terceira, São Jorge, Pico, Faial, and Graciosa, Azores

aog = Datum du Ilha de São Miguel-S, Bras, São Miguel and Santa Maria Islands, Azores

aoh = Datum Nacional (San José), Chile

Datum Provisional la Canoa see Provisional South American 1956 Datum (cat)

aoi = Davao, Mindinao, Philippines

aoj = DC S-3 Astro-1913, St Lucia, Lesser Antilles

aok = Dedele Point Observation Spot, Papua

aol = Dergachi, USSR

aom = Derna Lighthouse, Libya

aon = Desaiz, Martinique, Lesser Antilles

aoo = Dili, Timor, Indonesia

aop = Direction Island Observation Spot, Coco or Keeling Islands

aoq = Djakarta New, Indonesia

Djebel Beni Mdjimet see Beni Meyimel (aib)

aor = Dodo Island Observation Spot, Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands

aos = Dominica Astro M-12, Dominica, Lesser Antilles

aot = Dorpat II, Estonia

apa = DOS Astro Guxi (Guadalcanal), Solomon Islands

apb = DOS Astro SLX2, Sierra Leone

apc = DOS 415, Gambia

apd = Douala Airfield Flagstaff, Cameroon

ape = Dunnose, Great Britain

apf = East Base, Loyalty Islands

apg = East Mediterranean Chain, Tunisia

aph = Easter Island 1967

api = Eastern Rock, Poeloe Bam, West Irian

apj = Egypt-1930, Egypt (United Arab Republic)

apk = El Aaiun, Spanish Sahara

apl = El Bolson SB, Argentina

apm = Elbow Cay Light, Bahamas

apn = Emery Point Lighthouse, Northern Territory, Australia

apo = Enderbury Island, Phoenix Islands

app = Enibrik Island Observation Spot, Ailinginae Atoll, Marshall Islands

apq = Eniibukku Island Observation Spot, Mogiri, Marshall Islands

apr = Eniirikku Island Observation Spot, Mogiri, Marshall Islands

aps = Eniwetok Astro Pier, Marshall Islands

apt = Eniwetok-Wake 1960 Datum, Marshall Islands

aqa = Enuebing Triangulation Station, Ailinglapalap Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqb = Enyvertok Island Observation Spot, Rongerik Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqc = Erappu Channel Triangulation Station, Ailuk Atoll, Marshall Islands

aqd = Erdöhegy, Hungary

aqe = Erh-lien Dabusu Astro, China

aqf = Estanques, Venezuela

aqg = ETC Longitude Pillar, Malta Islands

aqh = European Datum

aqi = Extremo B2 Base Forteleza, Brazil

aqj = Extremo SE da Base (Minas Gerica), Brazil

aqk = Extremo Sul da Base (Piaui), Brazil

aql = Faaire Island Astro Station, Tuamoto Archipelago

aqm = Fais Astro, Fais Island, Caroline Islands

aqn = Fakfak, West Irian

aqo = Famagusta, Cyprus

aqp = Fao, Iraq

aqq = Farallon de Medinilla Astro Station (1921), Mariana Islands

aqr = Farallon de Pajaros Astro Station (1920), Mariana Islands

aqs = Fernando de Noronha Astro, Brazil

aqt = Fiji, 1956

ara = Final Sydney Datum 1941, New South Wales, Australia

arb = Final 1958, Iran

arc = Firestone Astro, Liberia

ard = First Astro 1942

are = Flagstaff Government Station, Abaiang Atoll, Gilbert Islands

arf = Flamingo Cay Light, Bahamas

arg = Flores Astro 1939

arh = Forteleza Astro, Brazil

ari = Fort Ambon, Moluccas, Indonesia

arj = Fort Charles Flagstaff, Greater Antilles

ark = Fort Cornwallis Flagstaff, Penang, Malaysia (West)

arl = Fort George Observation Spot, Cayman Islands

arm = Fort St Louis Flagstaff, Martinique, Lesser Antilles

arn = Fort Thomas 1955, St Kitts-Nevis, Lesser Antilles

aro = French Hydrographic

arp = French Mission Astro, Ecuador

arq = Front Range, New Caledonia

arr = Fuglenes, Norway

ars = Gabon 1951

art = Gaferut Astro, Caroline Islands

asa = Gahai-Byo Astro, China =

asb = Gambia Datum, Gambia

asc = Gan 1970

asd = Gandajika Base, Zaire

ase = Gardner Island, Phoenix Islands

asf = Gavan Sibir, USSR

asg = Gawler Downs, South Island, New Zealand

ash = Gellerthegy, Hungary

asi = Genoa 1908, Italy

asj = Genuk, Java, Indonesia

ask = Geodetic Datum 1949, New Zealand

asl = Ghana Datum, Ghana

asm = Gladstone Observation Spot, Queensland, Australia

asn = Goenoeng Dempo, Sumatra, Indonesia

aso = Golf Links, Sarawak, Malaysia

asp = Gora A Krasnovodsk Gur Yev, USSR

asq = Gorda Point Lighthouse, Nicaragua

asr = Gould Astro, Antarctica

ass = Goulter S Hill, South Island, New Zealand

ast = Government General, Dakar, Senegal

ata = Government Offices Flagstaff, Singapore

atb = Graciosa Base SW End, Terceira, Azores

atc = Grasberg, New Guinea

atd = Great Inagua Island Light, Bahamas

ate = Great Isaacs Light, Bahamas

atf = Great Ragged Island Light, Bahamas

atg = Great Stirrup Cay Astro, Bahamas

ath = Greek Datum, Greece

ati = Greenwich Observatory, Great Britain and Ireland

atj = Gromen 1951

atk = Grönfjörden, Svalbard

atl = Gronne Island, Greenland

atm = Grupo Escolar, Brazil

atn = G Segara Datum, Kalimantan, Indonesia

ato = G Serindung 1962

atp = Guam 1913

atq = Guam 1963

atr = Guadalupe Astro 1946

ats = Guardia Vecchia, Sardinia, Italy

att = Guasopa, Woodlark (Murua) Island, Trobriand Islands

baa = Guayaquil Astro, Ecuador

bab = Guguan Astro Station (1920), Mariana Islands

bac = Guhong Gajah Trom, Trengganu, Malaysia (West)

bad = Gunong Hijau Larut, Perak, Malaysia (West)

bae = Gun Cay Light, Bahamas

baf = Gun Hill, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia (West)

bag = Ha-erh-pin, Manchuria

bah = Habay-La-Neuve Base North End, Luxembourg

bai = Hai-la-erh, Manchuria

baj = Hainan Island, China

bak = Hairingassho-Byo Astro, China

bal = Hallett Astro, Antarctica

bam = Hammond Rock Light, New Guinea

ban = Hao'hsien Astro, China

bao = Hanoi Belvedere (Mirador), Vietnam

bap = Harbin, Manchuria

baq = Harvey Cay Light, Bahamas

bar = Hassetche Base South End, Syria

bas = Hawaiian Hiran (WGS 1966)

bat = Helsinki, Kallio Church, Finland

bba = Herat North, Afghanistan

bbb = Hermannskogel, Austria

bbc = Hito XVIII Astro, Chile

bbd = Hjörsey 1955, Iceland

bbe = Ho-ching Astro, China

bbf = Hog Island Light, Bahamas

bbg = Hogsty Reef Light, Bahamas

bbh = Hokkaido Central, Japan

bbi = Hole-in-the-Wall Light, Bahamas

bbj = Hong Kong-Nanking Astro Datum

bbk = Hong Kong-New Territories Datum, Hong Kong

bbl = Hong Kong 1929 Datum

bbm = Hong Kong 1963

bbn = Hope Bay, Graham Land, Antarctica

bbo = Horinhodoka Astro, China

bbp = Hospital Astro, Paraguay

bbq = Hsi-an, China

bbr = Hsi-ta-shan, Manchuria

bbs = Hsin-Yang Astro, China

bbt = Hsiu-Ying Astro, China

bca = Hua-Shao-Ying Astro, China

bcb = Huai-an Astro, China

bcc = Huai-lai Astro, China

bcd = Huang River Commission (1936), China

bce = Huirangi, North Island, New Zealand

bcf = Hull Island, Phoenix Islands

bcg = Hun-chun, Manchuria

bch = Hun-shan System

bci = Hupeh, Arc 1, China

bcj = Hupeh, Arc 2, China

bck = Hupeh, Arc 3, China

bcl = Hupeh, Arc 4, China

bcm = Hupeh, Arc 5, China

bcn = Hupeh, Arc 6, China

bco = Hupeh, Arc 7, 8 and 9A, China

bcp = Hupeh, Arc 10 and 11, China

bcq = Hupeh, Arc 12 and 22, China

bcr = Hupeh, Arc 13 and 15A, China

bcs = Hupeh, Arc 14, China

bct = Hupeh, Arc 16, China

bda = Hupeh, Arc 17, China

bdb = Hupeh, Arc 18, China

bdc = Hupeh, Arc 19, China

bdd = Hupeh, Arc 19A, China

bde = Hupeh, Arc 20 and 21, China

bdf = Hupeh Local, China

bdg = Husdalen, Hopen Island

bdh = Husvik Astro, Antarctica

bdi = Hu-tzu-shan, Taiwan

bdk = I-chang Astro (South Base), China

bdl = I-chou Astro, China

bdm = I-Hsien Astro, China

bdn = I-shui Astro, China

bdo = Iben Astro 1947, Caroline Islands

bdp = Ikateq Astro 1945

bdq = Îlet à Cochons Flagstaff, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles

bdr = Iligan, Mindanao, Philippines

bds = Iloiolo, Panay, Philippines

bdt = Iman 1914, USSR

bea = Indian Datum, India

beb = Indian Datum 1916, India

bec = Indian Datum 1960, India

bed = Ireland 1965

bee = Irkutsk, USSR

bef = Ishigaki Shima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

beg = Ishpushta, Afghanistan

beh = Isla del Coco Astro

bei = Ists 973 Astro 1969

bej = Isolated Hill, South Island, New Zealand

bek = Itaembe-Mini, Argentina

bel = Italian Triang 1913-1914

bem = Itarare N Base Itajuba, Brazil

ben = Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands

beo = Jabal and Dukhan, Bahrain Island

bep = Jaragua, Brazil

beq = Jazirat Yaz (RAF Petrol Tank), Sir Bani Yas Island, Trucial States

ber = Jesselton, North Borneo, Malaysia

bes = Jesuit College Flagstaff, Belize, British Honduras

bet = Jo-ch'i Astro, China

bfa = Johnston Island 1961 Datum, Johnston Island

bfb = Johnston Origin, Northern Territory Australia

bfc = Juing-ch'eng Astro, China

bfd = Jung-shui Astro, China

bfe = Jurinet-2, Greater Antilles

bff = Kaarappu Triangulation Point F-6 (1918), Ant Atoll, Caroline Islands

bfg = Kalianpur Datum, Pakistan/India

bfh = Kalianpur Hill Station (National Geodetic Origin), India/Pakistan

bfi = Kandalaksha-St John S Church, USSR

bfj = Kandawala Datum, Ceylon

bfk = Kandilli, Turkey

bfl = Kantara, Cyprus

bfm = Kapingamarangi Astronomic Station No.3 (1951), Kapingamarangi Atoll, Caroline Islands

bfn = Karamea, South Island, New Zealand

bfo = Karpinsk, USSR

bfp = Kasalinsk, USSR

bfq = Kashizan Datum, Taiwan

bfr = Katanga, Zaire

bfs = Kauai

bft = Kavieng Astro, New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago

bga = KCS2, Sierra Leone

bgb = Kenya Colony, Uganda (Rainsford 1948) Datum

bgc = Kertau, Malaysia

bgd = Kertau 1948 revised, Malaysia

bge = Kertau (Everest) Datum, Malaysia

bgf = Kertau (Repsold System) Malaysia (West)

bgg = Kesztej (Marosvasarhely), Hungary

bgh = Khao Luang, Thailand

bgi = Khartoum, Sudan

bgj = Kieta Astro, Bougainville, Solomon Islands

bgk = Kili Island Observation Spot, Kili Island, Marshall Islands

bgl = Kloster Ivaniæ, Yugoslavia

bgm = Kobukutei, Pescadores

bgn = Koepang, Timor, Indonesia

bgo = Koh-I-Malik Siah, Pakistan

bgp = Kogo, Rio Muni, Spanish Guinea

bgq = Koiaris Astro 1947, Bougainville, Solomon Islands

bgr = Koiterangi, South Island, New Zealand

bgs = Korla Astro, China

bgt = Koror Observation Point, Koror Island, Caroline Islands

bha = Kos Forst (Coo-castello), Kos, Dodecanese, Greece

Koshizan see Hu-tzu-shan (bdi)

bhb = Kostroma, USSR

bhc = Kowloon Observatory, Hong Kong

bhd = K'uei'tao, China

bhe = Ku-yuan, China

bhf = Kuan-hsiang Shan, China

bhg = Kuching Survey Origin, Sarawak, Malaysia

bhh = Kulusuk, Greenland

bhi = Kuo'hsien Astro, China

bhj = Kusaie Astronomic Station 3 (1951), Kusaie Island, Caroline Islands

bhk = Kutaka, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands

bhl = Kuybyshev-Orsk, USSR

bhm = Kwajalein Astronomical Position US Navy 1944, Marshall Islands

bhn = Kwangsi Province, China

bho = Kwangtung, China

bhp = Kweiyang, China

bhq = Kyushu West, Japan

bhr = Kyustendil, Bulgaria

bhs = La Canoa

bht = Lago Belgrano SB, Argentina

bia = Lago Palena SB, Argentina

bib = Lai-yang Astro, China

bic = Lamotrek Astronomic Station (1951), Lamotrek Atoll, Caroline Islands

bid = Latvian, Latvia

bie = Le Pouce, Mauritius

bif = Lee No 7 (Butler 1911-1913), Guam, Mariana Islands

big = Legaspi, Luzon, Philippines

bih = Leigon Pillar (GCS no 121), Accra, Ghana

bii = Lemuta, Samoa Islands

bij = Leninsk (Kol Chugino), USSR

bik = Leros (Lero-Pandelli), Dodecanese

bil = Leste NE Base, Brazil

bim = Leuen Anchorage Observation Spot, Namu Atoll, Marshall Islands

bin = Lib Island NW Edge, Marshall Islands

bio = Li-ching Astro, China

bip = Li-shih Astro, China

biq = Liberia 1964 (Roberts Field Astro)

bir = Liberian Government, Liberia

bis = Limones Cuba, Greater Antilles

bit = Lin-ch'ing Astro, China

bja = Lindis Peak, South Island, New Zealand

bjb = Line Island Astro, Line Islands

bjc = Lisbon, (Castelo Di São Jorge), Portugal

bjd = Listvenichnoye, USSR

bje = Little San Salvador Light, Bahamas

bjf = Liu-k'o'tao, China

bjg = Lobito Base NE End, Angola

bjh = Lochmaben Astronomical Station, Tasmania

bji = Loma Quintana, Venezuela

Lommel Signal see Belgian 1950 System (ahr)

Longitude, Christmas Island see Beacon, Christmas Island (ahp)

bjj = Longitude, Mariana Islands

bjk = Lourenço Marques Observatory, Mozambique

bjl = Losap Astronomic Station B3 (1924), Losap Atoll, Caroline Islands

bjm = Losuia, Kiriwina Island, Caroline Islands

bjn = Lotj Island Observation Spot, Lae Atoll, Marshall Islands

bjo = Loudima, Congo (Brazzaville)

bjp = Lu-chi Astro, China

bjq = Le-feng Base East End, China

bjr = Lu-kou'ch lao Astro, China

bjs = Lung'i'ou Astro, China

bjt = Lung-kuan Astro, China

bka = Luzon Datum, Philippines

bkb = Maccio Air Navigation Light (IAGS), Brazil

bkc = Macuco, Brazil

bkd = Madagascar Datum, Madagascar

bke = Madeira Archipelago

bkf = Medeira, Brazil

bkg = Madrid 1853, Spain

bkh = Magreva Island Base North End, Gambier Island, Tuamotu Archipelago

bki = Mahon 1928, Argentina

bkj = Mai, Lucipari Island, Indonesia

bkk = Majuro Astronomic Station 1944, Marshall Islands

bkl = Malayan Revised Datum, Malaysia (West)

bkm = Malta Datum, Malta Island

bkn = Man Island Light, Bahamas

bko = Manchurian Principal System, Manchuria

bkp = Mandinga Astro, Ecuador

bkq = Maniagassa Island Astro Pier (1944), Mariana Islands

bkr = Manira

bks = Manokwari, West Irian

bkt = Mañon (Old), Argentina

bla = Manton Triangulation Point F2 (1918), Senyavin Island, Caroline Islands

blb = Manton Observation Spot, Molik Atoll, Caroline Islands

blc = Marcus Astro 1961

bld = Marcus Astro 1965

ble = Marosvasarhely, Hungary

blf = Martín García, Argentina

blg = Masira Island Astro, 1958

blh = Massoua, (Eritrea), Ethiopia

bli = Matsu Datum, Matsu Island

blj = Matsuwa Astro, Kuril Islands

blk = Matupi Astro 1947, New Britain, Bismark Archipelago

bll = Maug 1950 71st Esld, Maug Island, Mariana Islands

blm = Maurice Datum, Australia

bln = Mayo de Campo, Argentina

blo = McKean Island, Phoenix Islands

blp = McMurdo Camp Area, Antarctica

blq = Medinella 29th Engr Astro (1961), Mariana Islands

blr = Mejit Astronomic Station B1 (1919), Mejit Island, Marshall Islands

bls = Melbourne Observatory, Victoria, Australia

blt = Mellu Island Triangulation Station, Marshall Islands

bma = Mellu Island Triangulation Station and Ringelap Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

bmb = Merchich, Morocco

bmc = Mercury (Fischer 1960) Datum

bmd = Meºedag, Turkey

bme = Mi-shan I, Manchuria

bmf = Mi-shan II, Manchuria

bmg = Midway Astro 1961

bmh = Miguelete N, Argentina

bmi = Mildura Aerodrome, Victoria, Australia

bmj = Militar, Argentina

bmk = Minna, Nigeria

bml = Misamis, Mindanao, Philippines

bmm = Misurata Marina, Libya

bmn = Miyako Jima Astro, Ryukyu Islands

bmo = Moçãmedes, Angola

bmp = Modified Mercury (Fischer 1968)

bmq = Mogadiscio, Somalia

bmr = Molinduko, Kenya

bms = Mombassa, Kenya

bmt = Monavatu, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Islands

bna = Montjong Lowe Datum, Sulawesi, Indonesia

bnb = Monte das Mocas Datum, Faial and Terceira Islands, Azores

Monte Mario Datum, Italy see Monte Mario 1940 (bnd)

bnc = Monte Mario 1875, Rome, Italy

bnd = Monte Mario 1940, Rome, Italy

bne = Morro de Papagaio, Principe Island

bnf = Morro de Santo Antonio, Brazil

bng = Moscow University Obs, USSR

bnh = Mösting "A" 1960, Moon

bni = Moulin Jarry, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles

bnj = Mount Rapid, Fleurien Peninsula, South Australia

bnk = Mozambique, Mozambique

bnl = Mt Campbell, Australia

bnm = Mt Cook, South Island, New Zealand

bnn = Mt Eden, North Island, New Zealand

bno = Mt Eleanor, South Island, New Zealand

bnp = Mt Horrible, South Island, New Zealand

bnq = Mt Nicholas, South Island, New Zealand

bnr = Mt Pleasant, South Island, New Zealand

bns = Mt Robertson, Malaysia (East)

bnt = Mt Stewart, North Island, New Zealand

bnu = Monte Verde 1951, Cape Verde Islands

boa = Mt York, South Island, New Zealand

bob = Murilo Astronomic Station No. 19 (1951), Murilo Atoll, Caroline Islands

boc = M79, Iraq

bod = Nahrwan Datum, Iraq

boe = Namoluk Astronomic Station (1924), Namoluk Atoll, Caroline Islands

bof = Nan-ao'tao Astro, China

bog = Nanking Astro, China

boh = Nanking Datum 1960, China

boi = Naparima Datum, Trinidad and Tobago

New (1960) Arc see Arc (of the 30th Meridian) 1960 Datum (adi)

boj = New British, Great Britain

bok = New Bulgarian, Bulgaria

bol = New Danish System (Buddings Station I 620, Copenhagen) Denmark

bom = New French, France

bon = New Egyptian, Egypt (United Arab Republic)

boo = New Lighthouse, Tripoli, Libya

bop = New Pillar, Tanzania

boq = New Sahara Datum 1959

bor = New South Wales, Australia

bos = New Sydney Datum, Australia

bot = Ngatik Astronomic Station No. 8 (1951), Ngatik Atoll, Caroline Islands

bpa = Ngulu Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Ngulu Atoll, Caroline Islands

bpb = Nicolai, Copenhagen, Denmark

bpc = Nigeria Datum, Nigeria

bpd = Nikolayev, USSR

bpe = Nikolskoe Astro 1929

bpf = Niu-chiao'shan Astro, China

bpg = NMA/S/21 Azimuth Island, Antarctica

bph = NMA/S/39 Wilkes Station, Antarctica

bpi = Nomoi Astro, Nomoi Atoll, Caroline Islands

bpj = Nordlaguna, Jan Mayen Island

bpk = North American Datum

bpl = North American Datum 1913

bpm = North American Datum 1927

bpn = North Astro 1947

bpo = North Base Astro, Antarctica

bpp = North Point Entrance Island, Makin Atoll, Gilbert Islands

bpq = North Sahara Datum 1959

bpr = Northwest Point Astro, Bahamas

bps = Northwest Point Light, Bahamas

bpt = Noumea, New Caledonia

bqa = Numbuiloa, Vanau Levu Island, Fiji Islands

bqb = Oakam Yof Base, South End, Senegal

bqc = Observatoire d'Uccle, Belgium

bqd = Observatorio Astronomica de la Quinta Normal, Santiago, Chile

bqe = Observatorio Astronomico de Madrid, Spain

bqf = Observatorio da Comissão, Brazil

bqg = Observatorio National do Rio De Janeiro, Brazil

bqh = Observatorul Astronomic Militar Din Bucuresti (Dealul Pisc), Rumania

bqi = Observation Point, South Island, New Zealand

bqj = Observation Spot Bairiki Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands

bqk = Observation Spot, South Island, New Zealand

bql = Observation Spot Government Office, Kariatebike, Abemama Island, Gilbert Islands

bqm = Observation Spot (Taruia Pass) Tongareva Island, Cook Islands

bqn = Ocotopeque, Guatemala

bqo = Okinawa Datum 1927, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands

bqr = Okino-daito-shima Astro, Daito Islands, Ryukyu Islands

bqs = Old British (Greenwich Observatory), Great Britain and Ireland

bqt = Old Egyptian, Egypt (United Arab Republic)

bra = Old Hawaiian Datum, Hawaiian Islands

brb = Old Lighthouse, Tripoli, Libya

brc = Old Sydney Datum, New South Wales, Australia

brd = Opaki, North Island, New Zealand

bre = Oranhada Astro, China

brf = Oranharaga-byo Astro, China

brg = Oranjaran-byo Astro, China

brh = Ordnance Survey of Great Britain (1936) Datum

bri = Orenburg Cossacks

brj = Ormoc, Leyte, Philippines

brk = Oroluk Astronomic Station No. 1 (1951), Oroluk Atoll, Caroline islands

brl = Orsk, USSR

brm = Osh, USSR

brn = Oslo Observatory (Old), Norway

bro = Osuihe Astro, China

brp = Padang Base West End, Sumatra, Indonesia

brq = Paga Hill (1939), New Guinea

brs = Pagan 1950 71st Esld, Pagan Island, Mariana Islands

brt = Pai-chieh'shan Lighthouse, China

bsa = Pai-ling-miao Astro, China

bsb = Palau Astro, Caroline Islands

bsc = Palermo, Argentina

bsd = Palestine 1928, Israel/Jordan

bse = Palmer Astro

bsf = Panamá-Colón, Panama

bsg = Pandeli, Léros, Deodecanese, Greece

bsh = Panthéon, Paris, France

bsi = Pao-tou-Astro, China

bsj = Papatachi 1949, New Zealand

bsk = Papeete Astronomical Pier, Tahiti, Society Islands

bsl = Paraguari Base S End, Paraguay

bsm = Paraná, Argentina

bsn = Parapara, South Island, New Zealand

bso = Parece Vela Astronomic Point, Parece Vela (Douglas Reef)

bsp = Pency, Czechoslovkia

bsq = Pei-ching, China

bsr = Pei-king System 1954, China

bss = Pei-li Astro (1940), China

bst = Pei-ping, China

bta = Pei-ping 1954 System, China

btb = Pelarang, Kalimantan, Indonesia

btc = Pen Phare, Vietnam

btd = Pepito, Bolivia

bte = Perak, Kedah, Malaysia (West)

btf = Perth Observatory, Western Australia

btg = Perth 1899, Western Australia

bth = Pete Astro 1969, Zanzibar

bti = Phare d'Ayabele, Djibouti, French Somaliland

btj = Phare du Cap Blanc, Mauritania

btk = Phoenix Island, Phoenix Islands

btl = Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands

btm = Pico de São Tomé, São Tomé Island

btn = Pico Norte

bto = Pidurutal Agala, Ceylon

btp = Pier Observation Spot, Fila Harbour, Efate Island, New Hebrides

btq = Pilar Astrónomico de Ponta Grossa, Brazil

btr = Pilar Astrónomico (S Paulo), Brazil

bts = Pilar de Observaciones de Puerto, Argentina

btt = Pilar do Forte, Brazil

caa = Pinder Point Light, Bahamas

cab = Pingelap Island Observation Spot, Pingelap Island, Caroline Islands

cac = Pintados SE Base, Chile

cad = P'ing-ti-ch Uan, China

cae = Pitcairn Astro 1967

caf = Plantation Point, Jervis Bay, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

cag = Point A Subcommission 5 Boundary Survey, Chile-Argentina

cah = Ponape Astro 1962

cai = Port Etienne, Mauritania

caj = Port Huon Hospital Bay Observation Spot, Tasmania

cak = Port Langdon South Base, Groote Eylandt, Northern Territory, Australia

cal = Port Lockroy

cam = Porto Santo Observatory, Madeira Islands

can = Poto Astro, Bolivia

cao = Potsdam (Helmertturm), Germany

cap = Poulo Condore (Con Son), Vietnam

caq = Pronto Socorro, Brazil

car = Provisional Chilean 1963

cas = Provisional National, Australia

cat = Provisional South American 1956 Datum

cba = Puerto Rico Datum, Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles

cbb = Pulap Astronomic Station No. B1 (1920), Pulap Atoll, Caroline Islands

cbc = Pulkovo 1913 System, USSR

cbd = Pulkovo 1932 System, USSR

cbe = Pulkovo 1942 System, USSR

cbf = Punaavia Base North End, Tahiti, Society Islands

cbg = Puntarenas, Costa Rica

cbh = P2 Point, Ile des Petrels, Adelie Land, Antarctica

cbi = Quito Observatorio, Ecuador

cbj = Qornoq Datum, Greenland

cbk = Ramakure-Byo Astro, China

cbl = Ra usuva, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Islands

cbm = Reconnaissance Triangulation, Morocco

cbn = Red Bridge Astronomic Station, China

cbo = Residence Flagstaff, Margarava Island, Gambier Islands

cbp = Reval (Tallin), Estonia

cbq = Reykjavik, Iceland

cbr = Riga Petera Baznica (St Peter S Church, Riga) Latvia

cbs = Rikuraru (Emijwan) Island Triangulation Station and Likiep Island South Pass Reef Triangulation Station, Likiep Atoll, Marshall Islands

cbt = Rio Benito, Rio Muni, Spanish Guinea

Roma Monte Mario 1875 see Monte Mario, 1875, Rome (bnc)

Roma Monte Mario 1940 see Monte Mario, 1940, Rome (bnd)

cca = Rongelap Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

ccb = Rongelap 1959 Datum, Marshall Islands

ccc = Rota 1950 71 Esld, Rota Island, Mariana Islands

ccd = Royal Alfred Obsv, Mauritania

cce = Royal Government of Afghanistan (RGA)

ccf = Rube Point Observation Spot, Ebo Atoll, Marshall Islands

ccg = Rum Cay Light, Bahamas

cch = Sainte Anne I, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles

cci = Saipan Astro US Navy 1944, Saipan Island, Mariana Islands

ccj = Sakura-dai I, Manchuria

cck = Sakura-dai II, Manchuria

ccl = Sakura-dai III, Manchuria

ccm = Sama Base, Peru

ccn = Samana Fort, Dominican Republic, Greater Antilles

cco = Samate, Salawati Island, West Irian

ccp = Santa Maria-GS-8, Grenada, Lesser Antilles

ccq = Santa Maria Light, Bahamas

ccr = San Fernando Observatory, Spain

ccs = San Miguel Astro, Ecuador

cct = San-tsao Tao Astro, China

cda = San-ya Astro (1940), China

cdb = São Braz, São Miguel and Santa Maria, Azores

Sapper Hill, Falkland Islands use cmp

cdc = Sarigan Astronomic Station (1921), Sarigan Island, Mariana Islands

cdd = Sarigan Astro 1964, Sarigan Island, Mariana Islands

cde = Schwarzeck, South West Africa

cdf = Seba, Sawu Island, Indonesia

cdg = Selwa, Arabia

cdh = Semaphore Mast Cayenne, French Guyana

cdi = Semaphore of Noumea (1935), New Caledonia

cdj = Semporna, Malaysia (East)

cdk = Shah-ho-chen Astro, China

cdl = Shan-hai-kuan Lighthouse, China

cdm = Shang-ch'uan Tao Astro, China

cdn = Shen'hsien Astro, China

Shinkyo see Manchurian Principal System (bko)

cdo = Shumushu Astro, Kuril Islands

cdp = Shun-i, China

cdq = Siamese, Thailand

cdr = Sierra Leone Datum, Sierra Leone

cds = Signal Goeland, Mauritania

cdt = Sin-do, Manchuria

cea = Sinyum, Pahang, Malaysia (West)

ceb = Smolensk Nikolai, USSR

cec = Socotra 1957

ced = Soke, Turkey

cee = Soldano Rock, Venezuela

cef = Sommet Tano, New Caledonia

ceg = South African, South Africa

ceh = South American 1969

cei = South Asia Datum

cej = South Point Light, Bahamas

cek = South Station, Tongatobu,Tonga Islands

cel = South Sumatra, Indonesia

cem = Southeast Island, Seychelles

cen = Spitzbergen

ceo = Stalingrad-Kasan, USSR

cep = Stockholm, Sweden

ceq = Stocking Island Astro, Bahamas

cer = Stringer Trig, Papua

ces = St Helena 1906

cet = St Louis, Senegal

cfa = St Matthew Astronomical Datum, Alaska

cfb = St Paul-St George 1944 Datum, Pribilof Islands, Alaska

cfc = St Petersburg, USSR

cfd = St Stephen S Turm, Vienna, Austria

cfe = Sui'hsien Astro, China

cff = Sui-yang, China

cfg = Sul SW Base, Brazil

cfh = Sumner Astro 1944, Caroline Islands

cfi = Survey Beacon SLS 28/57/107, Sierra Leone

cfj = Sverdlovsk, Vozneseniya Cathedral, USSR

cfk = Svobodnyy 1935 System, USSR

cfl = Sweetings Cay Light, Bahamas

cfm = Sydney Island, Phoenix Islands

cfn = Sydney Observatory, New South Wales, Australia

cfo = Szechwan, China

cfp = Table Hill, New Zealand

cfq = Ta-ch'ang-t'u Shan Astro, China

cfr = Ta-sha-kang, China

cfs = Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines

cft = Tai-lai I, Manchuria

cga = Tai-lai II, Manchuria

cgb = Tai-lai III, Manchuria

cgc = Tai-lai IV, Manchuria

cgd = Tai-lao VI, Manchuria

cge = Tai-ping-chiao, Manchuria

cgf = Taira Datum, Miyaka-Jima, Ryukyu Islands

cgg = Takowaka Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

cgh = Talalabad, Afghanistan

cgi = Tananarive Observatory Datum, Madagascar

cgk = Tanapag Harbor, Saipan, Mariana Islands

cgl = Tang-yang Astro, China

cgm = Tao-hua-pao Astro, China

cgn = Taongi Astro 1952

cgo = Taroa island Triangulation Station, Maloelap Atoll, Marshall Islands

cgp = Tashkent 1875 System, USSR

cgq = TCI, Trucial States

cgr = Te-an Astro, China

cgs = Tebun-Byo Astro, China

cgt = Termez Astro, USSR

cha = Ternate, Moluccas, Indonesia

chb = Testigos Astro, Venezuela

chc = Tete, Mozambique

chd = TG Soeadja (Hollandia), West Irian

che = Thorshavn, Faeroes

chf = Tien-wen-tien Astro, China

chg = Tiflis, USSR

chh = Timbalai 1936 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

chi = Timbalai 1938 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

chj = Timbalai 1948 Datum, Brunei, Borneo

chk = Tinian Control 1950, Mariana Islands

chl = Tiranë, Albania

chm = Tobruk, Libya

chn = T'o-k'o-t'o Astro, China

cho = Tokowa Island Observation Spot, Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands

chp = Tokyo Astronomical Observatory (Old) 1918, Japan

Tokyo Control see Approximate Tokyo Datum (ade)

Tokyo Control, Sakhalin see Approximate Tokyo Datum (ade)

chq = Tokyo Datum, Japan

Tokyo Observatory, Kuril Islands see Approximate Tokyo Datum (ade)

chr = To-lun, China

chs = Tomor 1961

cht = Toro, Uganda

cia = Towe Island Astro, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

cib = Townsville, Queensland, Australia

cic = Transmit of Venus Station, Moqattam Hills, Cairo, Egypt (United Arab Republic)

cid = Tres Barras Extremo NE da Base, Brazil

cie = Trig A (North Taieri Meridional Circuit), South Island, New Zealand

cif = Triangulation Pointe Noire 1950-57, Congo, Brazzaville

cig = Trig A (Hawke S Bay Meridional Circuit), North Island, New Zealand

cih = Trig A (Poverty Bay Meridional Circuit), North Island, New Zealand

cii = Trig E, South Island, New Zealand

cij = Trig E Maketu, North Island, New Zealand

cik = Trinidad Trigonometrical Survey Datum, Trinidad, Lesser Antilles

cil = Tripoli (New Lighthouse), Libya

cim = Truk Astro 1951, Truk Island, Caroline Islands

cin = Ts'ao'hsien Astro, China

cio = Tshinsenda Base NW End (Point A), Zaire

cip = Tsingtao Observatory, China

ciq = Tsitsihar (Lungkiang), Manchuria

cir = Tsun-hua Astro, China

cis = T'ung-chou, China

cit = T'ung-shan Astro (East Base), China

cja = Tu-lung, China

cjb = Tuhirangi, North Island, New Zealand

cjc = Tung-sha'tao Astro, China

cjd = Tung-shih Astro, China

cje = Tunheim, Bear Island

cjf = Tu-shih'kou Astro, China

cjg = Tutuila Astro 1962, Tutuila Islands, Samoa Islands

cjh = Ubajay (Old), Argentina

cji = Ubajay 1928, Argentina

cjk = Ujelang Island Observation Spot, Marshall Islands

cjl = Ulul Astronomic Station (1916) Namonuito Atoll, Caroline Islands

cjm = Umm Er Rus, Arabia

cjn = Unalaska Datum, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

cjo = Uruppu Astro, Kuril Islands

cjp = US Naval Surveys 1944, Gilbert Islands

cjq = US Standard Datum, USA

cjr = Usho Chart 5416 (1945), Minto Reef, Caroline Islands

cjs = Uspallata NE Base, Argentina

cjt = Vaitape Flatstaff, Borabora Island, Society Islands

cka = Val de Serra, Brazil

ckb = Valdez Datum, Alaska

ckc = Valentine, Western Australia

ckd = Valle Huemules EG, Argentina

cke = Vanguard Datum, USA

ckf = Varesmae (System 1937), Estonia

ckg = Vi Astro, St Vincent, Lesser Antilles

ckh = Victoria Lighthouse, Seychelles

cki = Victoria Peak, China

ckj = Vieux Fort, St Lucia, Lesser Antilles

ckk = Vigan, Luzon, Philippines

ckl = Villa Cisneros, Spanish Sahara

ckm = Voirol, Algeria

ckn = Volga River Triangulation

cko = Wabutima, Kiriwina Island, Trobriand Islands

ckp = Waigama Misool Flagstaff, West Irian

ckq = Wake Island Astro 1952

ckr = Wenang, Sulawesi, Indonesia

cks = West Base Astro, China

ckt = West Entrance Observation Spot, Canton Island, Phoenix Islands

cla = Weti, Pemba Island

clb = White Sands Datum, USA

clc = White Sea, USSR

cld = World Geodetic System 1960

cle = World Geodetic System 1966

clf = World Geodetic System 1972

clg = Wotje Island Observation Spot, Wotje Atoll, Marshall Islands

clh = Wu-ch'uan Astro, China

cli = Wu-lan-hua, China

clj = Wu-t'ai Astro, China

clk = XXIII Aratunga, Cook Islands

cll = Yacare, Uruguay

clm = Yang-hsien Astro, China

cln = Yang-lou-t Ung Astro, China

clo = Yang-p'u-chiang Astro, China

clp = Yang yuan Astro, China

clq = Yavin B, Argentina

clr = Yea Yama, Ryukyu Islands

cls = Yekaterinograd, USSR

clt = Yenikale, USSR

cma = Yenisey, USSR

cmb = Yeuh-chou Astro, China

cmc = Yof Astro 1967

cmd = Yu'hsien Astro, China

cme = Yu-shan Astro, China

cmf = Yukon Datum, Alaska/Yukon Territory

cmg = Yung-ch'eng Astro, China

cmh = Yung-yuan-Chiao, Manchuria

cmi = Yur Yev, USSR

cmj = Zagli, USSR

cmk = Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines

cml = Zapara Island, Venezuela

cmm = Zigida Astro, Liberia

cmn = Zvirblaiciai, Lithuania

cmo = Afgooye, Somalia

cmp = Sapper Hill, Falkland Islands

taa = Astronomically determined

Independent astronomic datum see Local (tab)

tab = Local

tac = Local astro

tad = No datum

tae = Other known horizontal datum

zzz = Other known horizontal datum

 

131$c: Система координат

Перечень кодов для системы координат состоит из двух частей. Первая часть содержит коды сеток координат, составленных автоматически. Вторая часть содержит коды ссылочных систем, составленных не математическим способом (и поэтому являющихся произвольными), или систем, используемых для увеличения сетки с целью пояснений к пользованию сеткой координат при помощи буквенных или цифровых обозначений.

aa = Aden Zone

ab = Afghanistan Gauss-Krueger Grid

Africa Belt, East see East Africa Belt (co)

Africa Zone, Northwest see Northwest Africa Zone (kj)

Afrique Equatoriale Française (AEF) Fuseau see French Equatorial Africa Grid (dj)

ac = Alabama Coordinate System

ad = Alaska Coordinate System

ae = Albania Bonne Grid

Algeria System Lambert see Algeria Zone (af)

af = Algeria Zone See also North Algeria Zone (kb), South Algeria Zone (mk)

ag = American Somoa Coordinate System

ah = Argentine Gauss-Krueger Conformal Grid

ai = Arizona Coordinate System

aj = Arkansas Coordinate System

al = Australia Belts

am = Australian Map Grid

an = Austria Gauss-Krueger Grid

ao = Azores Gauss Conformal Grid

ap = Azores Gauss Zone

aq = Baku 1927 Coordinate System

ar = Bavaria Soldner Coordinate System

as = Belgium Bonne Grid

at = Belgium Lambert Grid

ba = Borneo Rectified Skew Orthomorphic Grid

bb = Brazil Gauss Conformal Grid

bc = Brazil Cassini Grid (10km letters)

bd = British Cassini Grid (100km letters)

British Guiana Transverse Mercator Grid see Guyana Transverse Mercator Grid (ek)

British Modified Grid, Canada see Canada British Modified Grid (bh)

British National Grid see National Grid of Britain [metres or yards] (ht, ja)

be = British West Indies Grid

bf = Bulgaria Grauss-Krueger

bg = California Coordinate System

Cambodia Bonne Grid see French Indochina Bonne Grid (dl)

bh = Canada British Modified Grid

bi = Canary Islands (Spanish) Lambert Grid

bj = Canary Islands Zone

bk = Cape Verde Islands Zone

bl = Cape Verde Peninsula Grid

bm = Caspian Zone

Cassini War Office Grid see British Cassini Grid (bc) or (bd)

bn = Caucasus Zone

bo = Ceylon Belt

bp = Chile Gauss Conformal Grid

bq = China Belt

br = China Lambert Grid

bs = Colombia Gauss Conformal Grid

bt = Colorado Coordinate System

ca = Connecticut Coordinate System

Corsica Lambert Grid see French Lambert Grid (dm)

cb = Costa Rica Lambert Grid

cc = Crete Zone

cd = Crimea Grid

ce = Cuba Lambert Grid

cf = Cyprus Grid

cg = Czechoslovak Military Grid

ch = Czechoslovak Uniform Cadastral Coordinate System

ci = Dahomey Belt

Dakar Local Grid see Cape Verde Peninsula Grid (bl)

cj = Danube Zone

ck = Delaware Coordinate System

cl = Denmark General Staff Grid

cm = Denmark Geodetic Institute System 1934

Deutsches Heeresgitter (DHG) see German Army Grid (dt)

Deutsches Reichsgitter (DRG) see German Gauss-Krueger Grid (ea)

cn = Dominican Lambert Grid

co = East Africa Belt

cp = Egypt Gauss Conformal Grid

cq = Egypt Purple Belt

cr = Egypt Red Belt

cs = Egypt 35 degree belt

ct = El Salvador Lambert Grid

da = English Belt

English Cessini Grid see British Cassini Grid (bd)

English National Grid see National Grid of Great Britain [metres or yards] (ht, ja)

db = Estonian Grid

dc = Fernando Po Gauss Grid

dd = Fiji Grid

de = Finland Gauss-Krueger Grid

df = Florida Coordinate System

dg = Formosa (Taiwan) Gauss-Schreiber Coordinate System

dh = Franz Joseph Land Zone

di = French Bonne Grid

dj = French Equatorial Africa Grid

dk = French Guiana Gauss Grid

dl = French Indochina Bonne Grid

dm = French Lambert Zone

dn = French Somaliland Gauss-Laborde Grid

do = Gabon Belt

dp = Gabon Gauss Conformal Grid

dq = Guadeloupe Gauss-Laborde Grid

dr = Gauss-Krueger Grid

ds = Georgia Coordinate System

dt = German Army Grid (DHG)

ea = German Gauss-Krueger Grid

eb = Ghana National Grid

Gold Coast Colony Grid see Ghana National Grid (eb)

ec = Greece Azimuthal Grid

ed = Greece Bonne Grid

ee = Greece Conical Mecklenburg Coordinates

ef = Greece Conical Mecklenburg Coordinates (New Numbering)

eg = Greenland and Lambert Grid

eh = Guam Coordinate System

ei = Gautemala Lambert Grid

ej = Guinea Zone

ek = Guyana Transverse Mercator Grid

el = Haiti Lambert Grid

em = Hawaii Coordinate System

en = Hawaiian Grid

eo = Honduras Lambert Grid

ep = Hong Kong Colony Grid

eq = Hong Kong New System Cassini Grid

er = Hungary Stereographic Grid

es = Iberian Peninsula Zone

et = Iceland New Lambert Grid

fa = Iceland Zone

fb = Idaho Coordinate System

fc = Illinois Coordinate System

fd = India Zone (Unspecified)

India Zones, (specified) see Indias ri-rq

Indochina Bonne Grid see French Indochina Bonne Grid (dl)

fe = Indonesia Mercator Grid

ff = Indonesia Polyhedric Grid

fg = Iowa Coordinate System

fh = Iran National Grid

fi = Iraq National Grid

fj = Iraq Zone

fk = Irish Cassini Grid

fl = Irish Transverse Mercator Grid

fm = Italy Gauss-Boaga Grid

fn = Italy Zone See also North Italy Zone (kc), South Italy Zone (mo)

fo = Ivory Coast Azimuthal Grid

fp = Ivory Coast Belt

fq = Jamaica Foot Grid

fr = Japan Plane-Rectangular Coordinate System

fs = Japan Gauss-Schreiber Grid

ft = Johore Grid

ga = Kansas Coordinate System

gb = Katanga Grid

gc = Kentucky Coordinate System

gd = Kenya Colony Grid

ge = Korea Gauss-Schreiber Coordinate System

gf = Kwangsi Province Grid

gg = Kwantung Province Grid

gh = Lambert Conformal Conic Grid

Laos Bonne Grid see French Indochina Bonne Grid (dl)

gi = Latvia Coordinate System

gj = Levant Stereographic Grid

gk = Levant Zone

gl = Liberia Rectified Skew Orthomorphic Grid

gm = Libya Zone

Libya Zone, South see South Libya Zone (mp)

gn = Lithuania Gauss-Krueger Grid

go = Louisiana Coordinate System

gp = Luxembourg Gauss-Krueger Grid

gq = Madagascar Grid

gr = Madeira Zone

gs = Maine Coordinate System

gt = Malaya Grid

Malaya Northern Grid see Northern Malaya Grid (ki)

ha = Malaya Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (metre) Grid

hb = Malaya Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (yard) Grid

hc = Maldive-Chagos Belt

hd = Malta Belt

Maroc System Lambert see Morocco Zone (hq) 

he = Martinique Gauss Grid

hf = Maryland Coordinate System

hg = Massachusetts Coordinate System

hh = Mauritius Zone

hi = Mecca-Muscat Zone

hj = Mediterranean Zone

hk = Mexican Lambert Grid

hl = Michigan Coordinate System

hm = Minnesota Coordinate System

hn = Mississippi Coordinate System

ho = Missouri Coordinate System

hp = Montana Coordinate System

hq = Morocco Zone See also North Morocco Zone (ke), South Morocco Zone (mq)

hr = Mozambique Lambert Grid

hs = Mozambique Polyconic Grid

ht = National Grid of Great Britain (metres)

ja = National Grid of Great Britain (yards)

jb = Nebraska Coordinate System

NEI Equatorial Zone British Metric Grid see Netherlands East Indies Equatorial Zone British Metric Grid (jc)

NEI Equatorial Zone US Yard Grid see Netherlands East Indies Equatorial Zone US Yard Grid (jd)

NEI Southern Zone see Netherlands East Indies Southern Zone (je)

jc = Netherlands East Indies Equatorial Zone British Metric Grid

jd = Netherlands East Indies Equatorial Zone US Yard Grid

je = Netherlands East Indies Southern Zone

jf = Netherlands Stereographic Grid (New Numbering)

jg = Netherlands Stereographic Grid (Old Numbering)

jh = Nevada Coordinate System

New Guinea Zone, Southern see Southern New Guinea Zone (na)

New Portugal Bonne Grid see Portugal Bonne Grid, New (lg)

ji = New Sierra Leone Colony Grid

jj = New York Coordinate System

jk = New Zealand Belt

jl = New Zealand (North Island) Belt

jm = New Zealand (South Island) Belt

jn = New Zealand National Grid

jo = Nicaragua Lambert Grid

jp = Niger Belt

jq = Niger Zone

jr = Nigeria Colony Belt

js = Nord de Guerre Zone

jt = North Carolina Coordinate System

ka = North Dakota Coordinate System

kb = North Algeria Zone

kc = North Italy Zone

kd = North Korean Gauss-Krueger Grid

ke = North Morocco Zone

kf = North Sahara Zone

kg = North Tunisia Zone

kh = Northern European Zone

ki = Northern Malaya Grid

kj = Northwest Africa Zone

kk = Norway Gauss-Krueger Grid

kl = Ohio Coordinate System

km = Oklahoma Coordinate System

Old Portugal Bonne Grid see Portugal Bonne Grid, Old

kn = Oregon Coordinate System

ko = Palestine Belt

kp = Palestine Cassini Grid

kq = Palestine Civil Grid (Cassini)

kr = Panama Lambert Grid

ks = Paraquay Gauss-Krueger Grid

kt = Peiping Coordinate System of 1954

la = Pennsylvania Coordinate System

lb = Peru Polyconic Grid

Philippine Grid see Philippine Polyconic Grid (ld)

lc = Philippine Plane Coordinate System

ld = Philippine Polyconic Grid

Philippine Zone see Philippine Polyconic Grid

le = Poland Gauss-Krueger Grid

lf = Poland Quasi-Stereographic Grid

Poland Stereographic Grid see Poland Quasi-Stereographic Grid (lf)

lg = Portugal Bonne Grid, New

lh = Portugal Gauss Grid

li = Puerto Rico Coordinate System

lj = Puerto Rico Lambert Grid

lk = Pulkovo Coordinate System of 1932

Pulkovo Coordinate System of 1942 see Soviet Coordinate System of 1942 (nb)

ll = Qatar Grid

lm = Qatar Peninsula Grid

ln = Réunion Gauss Grid

lo = Rhode Island Coordinate System

lp = Rumania Bonne Grid

lq = Rumania Lambert-Cholesky Grid

lr = Rumania Stereographic Grid

ls = Russian Belts

lt = Sahara Zone See also North Sahara Zone (kf), South Sahara Zone (mr)

ma = Sarawak Grid

mb = Sarawak Belt

mc = Seychelles Belt

md = Sirte (Libya) Lambert Grid

me = South Africa Belts (Unspecified Unit of Measurement) - for Republic of South Africa use South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

mf = South Africa Belts (metres) - for Republic of South Africa use South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

mg = South Africa Belts (yards) - for Rep of South Africa use South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

mh = South Africa Belts (Cape Feet) - for Republic of South Africa use South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

mi = South Africa Belts (English feet) - for Republic of South Africa use South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

mj = South Africa Coordinate System (Republic of South Africa)

mk = South Algeria Zone

ml = South Carolina Coordinate System

mm = South Dakota Coordinate System

mn = South Georgia Lambert Grid

mo = South Italy Zone

mp = South Libya Zone

mq = South Morocco Zone

mr = South Sahara Zone

ms = South Syria Zone

mt = South Tunisia Zone

Southern Malaya Grid see Johore Grid (ft)

mu = South Syria Lambert Zone

na = Southern New Guinea Zone

Soviet Coordinate System of 1932 see Pulkovo Coordinate System of 1932 (lk)

nb = Soviet Coordinate System of 1942

nc = Spain Lambert Grid

nd = Spanish North-Morocco Lambert Grid

ne = Spanish Sahara Grid

nf = Spitzbergen Zone

Standard South African Grid see South Africa Coordinate System (mj)

Sud Syrie System Lambert see South Syria Lambert Zone (mu)

ng = Svalbard Gauss-Krueger Grid

nh = Svobodny 1935 Coordinate System

ni = Sweden Gauss-Hanover Grid

nj = Switzerland Bonne Grid

nk = Switzerland Conformal Oblique Cylindrical Grid

Syrie System Lambert see Levant Zone (gk)

System of Geodetic Coordinate of 1942 see Soviet Coordinate System of 1942 (nb)

nl = Tanganyika Territorial Grid

nm = Tashkent 1875 Coordinate Grid

nn = Tennessee Coordinate System

no = Texas Coordinate System

np = Tobago Grid

Transverse Mercator Grid see Gauss-Krueger Grid (dr)

nq = Trinidad Grid

nr = Trucial Coast Cassini Grid

ns = Tunisia Zone See also North Tunisia Zone (kg), South Tunisia Zone (mt)

Tunisia System Lambert see Tunisia Zone (ns)

nt = Turkey Bonne Grid

pa = Turkey Gauss-Krueger Grid

pb = Uganda Cassini Coordinate System

pc = Universal Polar Stereographic Grid

pd = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; unspecified spheroid

pe = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; International spheroid

pf = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; Everest Spheroid

pg = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; Clarke 1866 spheroid

ph = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; Clarke 1880 spheroid

pi = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; Besel spheroid

pj = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; Australian National spheroid

pk = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; South American Spheroid

pl = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; unspecified WGS spheroid

pm = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; WGS 1966 spheroid

pn = Universal Transverse Mercator Grid; WGS 1972 spheroid

UPS Grid see Universal Polar Stereographic Grid (pc)

po = Uruguay Gauss-Krueger Grid

pq = US Polyconic Grid System

pr = Utah Coordinate System

UTM Grid see Universal Transverse Mercator Grid

ps = Venezuela Modified Lambert Grid

pt = Vermont Coordinate System

ra = Vietnam Azimuthal Grid

Vietnam Bonne Grid see French Indochina Bonne Grid (dl)

rb = Virginia Coordinate System

War Office Cassini Grid see British Consul Grid

West Indies Belt see British West Indies Grid (be)

West Malaysia Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (Metric) Grid see Malay Rectified Skew Orthomorphic [metric] Grid

rc = West Virginia Coordinate System

rd = Wisconsin Coordinate System

WOFO (War Office False Origin) Grid see British Cassini Grid (bc) or (bd)

re = World Polyconic System

rf = Wyoming Coordinate System

rg = Yugoslavia Gauss-Krueger Grid (Not reduced)

rh = Yugoslavia Reduced Gauss-Krueger Grid

ri = Yunnan Province Grid

rj = India Zone 0

rk = India Zone I

rl = India Zone IIA

rm = India Zone IIB

rn = India Zone IIIA

ro = India Zone IIIB

rp = India Zone IVA

rq = India Zone IVB

 

131$c - 2 часть

Вторая часть содержит коды ссылочных систем, составленных не математическим способом (и поэтому являющихся произвольными), или систем, используемых для увеличения сетки с целью пояснений к пользованию сеткой координат при помощи буквенных или цифровых обозначений. Также содержит исключенные коды.

ta = Air Defense Grid

tb = Air Support Grid

tc = Artillery Referencing Systems

td = Graticule enhanced by alpha-and/or numeric notations

te = Arbitrary squaring

tf = PVO Reporting Net

tg = Kristovina map referencing system

th = Unspecified German wartime referencing system

ti = Quadratmeldenetz (QMN)

tj = Luftwaffemeldenetz (LWMN)

tk = Gradmeldenetz (GMN)

tl = Jaegermeldenetz (JMN)

tm = Orangemeldenetz (OMN)

tn = Georef (World Geographic Referencing System)

to = Grid enhanced by alpha and/or numeric notations

tp = Heeresmeldenetz (HMN)

uu = Unknown grid

zz = Other known grid

 

131$f : Начало отсчета высот

Примечание: Начиная с кода "ta" также содержит неспецифицированные уровненные поверхности для начала отсчета высот

aa = Aburatsubo, Japan

ab = Accra, Ghana

ac = Aden Mean Sea Level

ad = Aden Tidal Observatory

ae = Adjusted MSL 1891, Denmark

af = Admiralty Datum, Australia

ag = Aitutaki, Cook Islands

ah = Al Faw (Fao), Iraq

aj = Alexandria, Egypt

ak = Alicante, 1870-72, Spain

al = Almirante, Panama

am = Amherst Tidal Observatory, Burma

Amsterdam see Normal Amsterdam Piel [NAP](kr)

an = Anhwei Assumed, China

ao = Antalya, Turkey

ap = Antofagasta, Chile

Apollo 15 datum use rf

aq = Approximate Kronstadt

ar = Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands

as = Aquaba, Jordan

at = Africa (Chile), Bolivia

ba = Arica, Chile

bb = Assab, Ethiopia

bc = Auckland 1946, New Zealand

bd = Australian Capital Territory Datum Australia

be = Balboa (Canal), Panama

bf = Banana, Zaire

bg = Bangkok RR Station, Thailand

bh = Barahona, Dominican Republic

bi = Beira, Rhodesia

bj = Beirut, Lebanon

bk = Belfast, Ireland

bl = Belize, British Honduras

bm = Bench Mark 1 MSL (1949), Mariana Islands

bn = Bench Mark 4 MSL, Mariana Islands

bo = Berlin, Germany

bp = Biloxi, Mississippi, USA

bq = Bluff, 1955, New Zealand

br = Bluff, 1960, New Zealand

bs = Brisbane MSL, Queensland, Australia

bt = Broome Jetty MSL, Western Australia

ca = Brussels, Belgium

cb = Buenaventura, Colombia

cc = Burnie, Tasmania

cd = Byrd Station, Antarctica

ce = Cagliari 1956, Sardinia

cf = Cairo, Illinois, USA

cg = Callao, Peru

ch = Camarta BM, Nicobar Island

ci = Cape Town, South Africa

cj = Cape York MSL, Queensland, Australia

ck = Cartagena (Atlantic Coast), Colombia

cl = Casablanca 1922, Morocco

cm = Cascais 1881-1938, Portugal

cn = Chekiang Assumed, China

co = Chen-chiang Customs, China

cp = Chih-huang Tao, China

cq = Chihli River Commission, China

cr = Chi-lung (Kirun), Taiwan

cs = Ching Tao MSL, China

Chingkiang Customs Zero Gauge see Chen-chiang Customs (co)

da = Coatzacoalcos, Mexico

db = Colombo 1884-90, Ceylon

dc = Conakry, Guinea-Bissau

dd = Constanta, Rumania

de = Cooktown MSL, Queensland, Australia

df = Cristobal (Canal), Panama

Dairen MSL see Ta-lien (pn)

dh = Dakar, Senegal

di = Dansk N.N., Denmark

dj = Darwin MSL, Northern Territory, Australia

dk = Darwin Town Datum, Northern Territory, Australia

dl = Davao Wharf Tide Staff, Mindanao, Philippines

dm = Denison MSL, Western Australia

dn = Darby MSL, Western Australia

do = Devonport MSL, Tasmania

dp = Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipelago

dq = Disko Bugt, Greenland

dr = Djakarta, Java, Indonesia

ds = Dublin Bay, Ireland

dt = Dunedin 1958, New Zealand

ea = Durres, Albania

eb = Eden Tide Gauge, New South Wales, Australia

ec = Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico

ed = Errits, Denmark

ee = Federal Datum, Rhodesia

ef = Freetown, Sierra Leone

eg = Fremantle MSL, Western Australia

eh = Fukien Assumed, China

General Levelling, France use rg

ei = Genoa 1942, Italy

ej = Ginara, Punta Colombo, Cuba

ek = Golfito, Costa Rica

el = Ha Tien MSL, Vietnam

em = Haifa, Israel

en = Hai-lo Conservancy Commission, China

eo = Havana, Cuba

ep = Helsinki, Finland

eq = Hobart MSL, Tasmania

er = Hobson Bay LWM, Victoria, Australia

es = Honan Assumed, China

et = Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands

fa = Honto MSL, Sakhalin, USSR

fb = Haui River Commission, China

fc = Hunan Assumed, China

fd = Hupeh Assumed, China

fe = Ilha e Naos, Panama

ff = Illigan Harbour Tide Staff, Mindanao, Philippines

fg = Imbituba, Brazil

fh = Inch'on Provisional, Korea (South)

fi = Indian MSL, India

fj = Indian Spring Low Water

fk = International Great Lakes Datum 1935, Canada

fl = International Great Lakes Datum 1955, USA

fm = Ireland I. Dockyard, Bermuda Islands

fn = Irish Ordnance Datum (poolbeg), Ireland

fo = Isla de Pinos, Cuba

fp = Isle of Man Ordnances Datum, Great Britain

fq = Israel Land Survey Datum, Jaffa, Israel

fr = Jaffa, Israel

fs = Jehol Assumed, China

ft = K'an-men MSL, China

ga = Kavála, Greece

gb = Kiangsi Assumed, China

gc = Kiangsu Assumed, China

gd = Kiaochow Tsinan RR, China

ge = Kirin, China

gf = Klaipeda (Memel), Lithuania

gg = Ko Lak MSL, Thailand

gh = Kribi, Cameroon

gi = Kronshtadt (1840), USSR

gj = Kuala Trengganu MSL, Malaysia (West)

gk = Kwangsi Assumed, China

gl = Kwangtung Assumed, China

gm = Kweichow Assumed, China

gn = La Goulette, (Tunisia), Algeria

go = La Goulette, Tunisia

gp = La Guaira, Venezuela

gq = La Libertad, Ecuador

gr = La Libertad, El Salvador

gs = La Union (Cutuco), El Salvador

gt = Lagos, Nigeria

ha = Land Survey, Antarctica

hb = Launceston City Council Datum, Tasmania

hc = Lien-yun Chiang MSL, China

hd = Lisov, Czechoslovakia

Liverpool see Ordnance Datum, (Liverpool) (lf)

hh = Lo-hsing-t'a Zero Point, China

hi = Lombrum, Manus Island, Admiralty Islands

hj = Lome, Togo

hk = Low Island, Great Barrier Reef

hl = Low Water Ordinary Spring Tide, Wyndham, Western Australiahm = Luanda, Angola

hn = Lyttleton 1938, New Zealand

ho = Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia

hp = Mako Harbor, Pescadores

hq = Malin Head, Ireland

hr = Manila Bay MSL, Philippines

hs = Mar del Plata, Argentina

ht = Marseille 1885-96, France

ja = Matarani, Peru

jb = Matavi, Tahiti, Society Islands

jc = Maura Tide Gauge, Malaysia (East)

jd = Mawson Tide Guage, Antarctica

j = Mayaguez, Puerto Rico

jf = Mazatlan, Mexico

jg = Mediterranean, Italy (old-net)

jh = Mean Gulf Level, USA

ji = Mean High Water Sea, Antarctica

jl = Mean Sea Level Manifa Pier, Saudi Arabia

jm = Memphis, Tennessee, USA

jn = Mina Construction Datum, Kuwait

jo = Mocamedes, Angola

Molo Sartorio see Trieste, 1875 (qj)

jp = Mombasa, Kenya

jq = Monrovia, Liberia

jr = Montevideo, Uruguay

Mösting 'a' 1960 use rh

js = Moturiki 1953, New Zealand

jt = MSL Adjustment 1927, Alaska

ka = MSL Adjustment 1935, Canadian Geodetic Datum

kb = MSL Adjustment 1958, Cuba

kc = MSL Adjustment 1959, Mexico and Panama

kd = MSL Adjustment 1960, Mexico, Central America and Colombia

ke = MSL Adjustment 1961, Haiti

kf = MSL Adjustment 1962, Chile

kg = MSL Adjustment 1964, Jamaica

kh = MSL Adjustment 1966, Ecuador and Peru

ki = NADAP I, Hungary

kj = NADAP II, Hungary

kk = Naha BM, Ryukyu Islands

kl = Narvik, Norway

km = Nelson 1955, New Zealand

kn = Nevelsk (Honto), Sakhalin

Newlyn see Ordnance Datum (Newlyn) (lg)

ko = NM/S/G, Antarctica

kp = Nord Norges Normal Null(NNN), Norway

kq = Norges Normal Null, Norway

kr = Normal Amsterdams Piel (NAP), Netherlands

ks = Normal Null (NN), Germany

kt = Normalhoehen (NH) System 1960. East Germany

la = Noumea MSL, New Caledonia

lb = N.S.P. 1958, Surinam

lc = Okinawa Level, Ryukyu Islands

ld = Old Huang-ho-Zero Pt. China

le = Ordnance Datum (Lerwick), Shetland Islands, Great Britain

lf = Ordnance Datum (Liverpool), Great Britain

lg = Ordnance Datum (Newlyn), 1921 Great Britain

lh = Ordnance Datum (Stornoway), Outer Hebrides, Great Britain

li = Ostende, Belgium

lj = Pafos, Cyprus

lk = Perth Headland Jetty, Western Australia

ll = Pierre du Niton, Geneva, Switzerland

lm = Pimba Railway Datum, South Australia

ln = Point Fouillole, Guadeloupe

lo = Point Lonsdale, Victoria, Australial

p = Point Noire, Congo (Brazzaville)

lq = Pont de Capitainerie de le Ville, São Tomé Island

lr = Port Adelaide MSL, South Australia

ls = Port au Prince, Haiti

lt = Port aux Basques, Newfoundland

ma = Port-aux-Français, Kerguelen Is

mb = Port Dickson, Malaysia (West)

mc = Port Moresby, Papua

md = Port of Spain, Trinidad

me = Port Royal, Jamaica

mf = Port Swettenham MSL, Malaysia (West)

mg = Port Waikato 1954, New Zealand

mh = Port Weld MSL, Malaysia (West)

mi = Port Welshpool, Victoria, Australia

mj = Portland MSL, Victoria, Australia

mk = Principal Datum, Hong Kong

ml = Puerto Armuelles, Panama

mm = Puerto Cortés 1948-51, Honduras

mn = Puerto de Cristobal, Panama

mo = Puerto Limón, Costa Rica

mp = Puerto Montt, Chile

mq = Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

mr = Puerto Puntarenas, Costa Rica

ms = Pulau Lakei, Malaysia

mt = Punta Arenas, Chile

na = Punta Penasco, Mexico

nb = Queensland State Datum, Australia

nc = Reykjavik, Iceland

nd = San Jose, Guatemala

ne = San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua

nf = Sandy Hook, New Jersey, USA

ng = Santo Antonio 1916, Principe

nh = Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

ni = Sea Ice, Antarctica

nj = Sea Level Datum, 1912, USA

nk = Sea Level Datum, 1929, USA

nl = Sea Level, Bonin Island

nm = Seoul, S Korea

nn = Seward-Veldez MSL, Alaska

no = Shanghai Customs, China

np = Shanghai-Nanking RR, China

nq = Shansi Assumed, China

nr = Shantung Assumed, China

ns = Shensi Assumed, China

nt = Singkiang Assumed, China

pa = Shun-ch'in Water Conservancy Bureau, China

pb = Split, Yugoslavia

pc = Station R, Ille du Maregraphe, Terre Adélie, Antarctica

pd = St James, Barbados

pe = St John, New Brunswick, Canada

pf = Stockholm, Sweden

pg = Sydney Datum MSL, New South Wales, Australia

ph = Sydney Standard, New South Wales, Australia

pi = Szechwan Assumed, China

pj = Tacloban Tide Staff, Leyte, Philippines

pk = Ta-Ku MSL, China

pl = Ta-ku Zero Point, China

pm = Talara, Peru

pn = Ta-lien, China

po = Tallin (Reval), Estonia

pp = Tamatave, Malagasy Republic

pq = Tampico, Mexico

pr = Tandjungpriak TG, Java, Indonesia

ps = Tanga, Tanzania

pt = Tararu, New Zealand

qa = Thessaloniki, Greece

qb = Tibe Gauge Observatory, Port Blair, Andaman Islands

qc = Tokyo, Japan

qd = Topoplobampo, Mexico

qe = Torres (Brazil), Paraquay

qf = Torres, Brazil

qg = Torun, Poland

qh = Townsville, Queensland, Australia

qi = Tregde, Norway

qj = Trieste 1875 (Italy) Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia

qk = Tripoli, Libya

Tsingtao 1956, China see Ching Tao MSL (cs)

qm = Unahi Road, New Zealand

qn = Valparaiso, Chile

qo = Varna, Bulgaria

qp = Vladivostok, USSR

qq = Walvis Bay, Southwest Africa

qr = Wanganui, New Zealand

qs = Wangpoo Conservancy Board, China

qt = Wellington 1953, New Zealand

ra = Williamstown LWM, Victoria, Australia

rb = Wonsan (Genzan), Korea

rc = Wu-sung MSL, China

rd = Wu-sung Zero Point, China

re = Yunnan Assumed, China

rf = Apollo 15 Datum, Moon

rg = General levelling, France

rh = Mosting "A" 1960, Moon

 

Неспецифицированные уровненные поверхности для начала отсчета высот

ta = Approximate mean sea-level

tb = Local

tc = Local LWM

td = Local MSL

te = Mean sea-level

tf = None

tg = Arbitrary

th = Mean low water

ti = Mean low water Springs

tj = Mean lower low water

tk = Mean lower low water Springs

tl = Lowest normal low water

tm = Lowest low water

tn = Indian Spring low water

to = at or near the level of lowest astronomical tide

uu = unknown vertical datum

zz = other known vertical datum

 

131$g Единицы измерения высот

aa = metre 

ab = Imperial foot

ac = saszhen

ad = klafter

ae = fathom

af = Dutch foot

ag = Prussian foot

ah = Austrian foot

ai = Spanish foot

aj = Bavarian foot

ak = French foot (metric)

al = French foot (imperial)

am = Roman palm

an = Portuguese palm

ao = South African foot

ap = Danish foot

aq = Norwegian foot

ar = Swedish foot

uu = unknown unit of measurement

zz = other known unit of measurement


Дата обновления: 8-08-2012